The relationship between the historical development of mustard garden Shan shui and Chinese traditional culture




Chinese Painting, Shan shui, Mustard Garden, Traditional Culture, Dunhuang; arts murals; Scarf design; Historical evolution; Cultural inheritance


Landscape holds an important position in the entire history of Chinese painting. Since the Wei and Jin Dynasties, there have been many unique Shan shui. Although the characteristics of landscape styles vary in different periods and genres are diverse, the freehand brushwork spirit and artistic conception of traditional Chinese landscapes have always permeated through them. Chinese traditional landscape is a kind of art form with national characteristics and Zeitgeist connotation gradually formed through historical evolution in the process of social development and progress. This paper will start with the development process of mustard landscape and the inheritance of traditional culture, study the impact of mustard landscape on traditional culture, Zeitgeist, industry and self personality, and explore the innovative development path and significance of Chinese contemporary landscape. Relevant studies not only analyzed the reasons why landscape was widely spread in China, but also profoundly revealed the relationship between mustard garden landscape and Chinese traditional culture, and concluded that mustard garden Shan shui not only inherits Chinese culture, but also has a profound impact on Chinese culture and Chinese people's spirit, with solid theoretical research value and historical research value.


Download data is not yet available.


Bai, T. (2021). Confucianism and Same-Sex Marriage. Cambridge University Press, 2021(1).

Bennett, S. (2011). The Mustard Seed Garden Manual of Painting: A Reevaluation of the First Edition. Retrieved from

Bolewski, C. (2008). Bolewski, C. (2008). Shan-Shui-Shua (mountain-water painting). In ACM SIGGRAPH ASIA 2008 artgallery: emerging technologies (pp. 12-12). ACM.

Bolewski, C. (2009). 'Shan-Shui-Hua' – Traditional Chinese landscape painting reinterpreted as video painting: A hybrid between the still and moving image, between Eastern and Western tradition. Nordes, (3).

Bol, P. K. (2008). Neo-Confucianism in history. In Neo-Confucianism in History (pp. 1-5). Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Asia Center.

De-Dong, Z, Wu-Zhong Z, & Groening G. (2010). Atmosphere,Painting, and Landscape Garden:Artistic Differences Edified by Chinese and Western Culture. HUNDRED SCHOOLS in ARTS, 26(05), 157-161+147.

Duo. W, Yufu. L. (2011). On Qian Xuesen's Theory of Shan-Shui Cities from Luo Yang's City Construction . JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING STUDIES, 2(4), 341-349.

Feng, X. L. (2009). Discussion on the English Translation of the Silk Book "Tao Te Ching" by Han Lu Bo. Journal of Sichuan University of Foreign Languages, 25(S2), 85-88

Han, X., Zhang, L., Yu, P., Yi, H., & Zhang, Y. (2014). Potential of LAB starter culture isolated from Chinese traditional fermented foods for yoghurt production. International Dairy Journal, 34(2), 247-251.

Hansen, C .(2008). Laozi. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Hu, C. L., Zhang, J. H., & Anraku Y. (1994). Chinese SHAN-SHUI Landscape Garden. The Technical Bulletin of Faculty of Horticulture, 48, 53-60.

Kobayashi, H. (1988). Chinese Figure Prints(II) : The Fourth Series of the Mustard Seed Garden Manual of Painting. Jissen Womens University Aesthetics & Art History, 3, 53-69.

Lach, D. (1993). China in the Eyes of Europe: The Sixteenth Century. Renaissance Quarterly, 46(4), 761-794.

Lagoe, R. (1995). Pass the mustard - growing mustard plants and making mustard condiments; includes recipes - Garden Harvest. Flower & Garden Magazine, (Oct-v).

Laozi. (2006). Dao De Jing: The Book of the Way. New York, USA: HarperCollins.

Li, M. (2014). Exploration and Practice of Urban Characteristics on Shan-shui City and Historic City. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 584, 420-424.

Neville, Robert C. (2003). Boston Confucianism: Portable Tradition in the Late-Modern World. Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 413-417.

Novak, B. (1995). Nature and culture : American landscape and painting. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Qiang, H. (2017). Gu Yuan Hongshen's Discussion on the First Collection of the Biography of Mustard Garden. Journal of Jiangnan University (Humanities and Social Sciences Edition), 16(02), 68-75

Stalnaker, A. (2010). VIRTUE AS MASTERY IN EARLY CONFUCIANISM. Journal of Religious Ethics, 38(3).

Sullivan, M. (2012). The Arts of China. Oakland, USA: University of California Press.

Ting, D. A. (2023). Revelations of the Construction of Contemporary "Shan-shui City": Based on the Ecological Perspective of Chinese Traditional Culture. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 2012.

Tucker, M. E. (2013). Buddhism and Ecology: The Interconnection of Dharma and Deeds. Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Press

Weidner, M. (2006). Korean Landscape Painting: Continuity and Innovation throught the Ages. By Yi Song-mi. Korean Culture Series 4. Elizabeth, NJ: Hollym International, 2006. vii, 162 pp. $34.50 (cloth). The Journal of Asian Studies, 65(4), 833-835.

Xiao, L. (2010). Wang Gai and The First Edition of Painting Manual of the Mustard Seed Garden. Journal of the Palace Museum, 2010(02), 48-65.

Yani, D. (2011). The Artistic Conception of Qin Ba Shan Shui--The Shan Shui Landscape Scenery Construction of An Kang Garden. XI'AN World Horticulture Exposition . Architecture & Culture.

Yum, J. O. (1988). The impact of Confucianism on interpersonal relationships and communication patterns in east Asia. Communication Monographs, 55(4), 374-388.

Zhanxi, Z. (2008). Brief analysis of classical chinese garden. Architektura Krajobrazu, 1, 53-57.

Zhao, Y., Harvey, D. C., & Gao, C. (2020). Identifying Shan-Shui characteristics for national landscape heritage: Reconciling western and Chinese landscape characterisation from a trans-cultural perspective. The Geographical Journal, 186(3), 300-313.

Zhong-Quan, Z. (2012). The Aesthetic Dimension of "Mustard Garden Painting Manual". Journal of Guiyang University (Social Science Edition), 7(04), 101-104.




How to Cite

Wang, C., & Ni, X. (2023). The relationship between the historical development of mustard garden Shan shui and Chinese traditional culture. Herança, 6(1), 143–157.



Articles (Regular Review EUR450)